A sperm donor is a man who donates his sperm so that an infertile individual or couple may use the sperm to achieve pregnancy and have a child through Assisted Reproductive Technology via Intrauterine insemination (IUI), In vitro fertilization (IVF) or Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
The couple is counselled together about the implications and process involved in such a treatment and the process is initiated after both the partners give their written consent for the same.
All donor sperm samples are availed from registered sperm banks which store semen samples from fertile anonymous donors after taking the following precautions:
-The donor’s semen quality is first evaluated and frozen if the quality is good.
-Donors are screened for communicable diseases including HIV, Hepatitis, Gonorrhoea, and Syphilis. Semen samples are quarantined for at least six months until the donor is rescreened for these diseases and tests negative.
- A complete family and medical history is taken
- They are tested for genetic conditions.
Who should consider using a sperm donor?
Couples or individuals in the following situations may consider using sperm donation:
- A male partner who can not produce sperm due to the following conditions and does not want surgical sperm retrieval:
- Blocked sperm ducts.
- Retrograde ejaculation (semen backflows into the urinary tract).
- Has had cancer treatment, trauma or childhood infections that affected sperm production.
- Has erectile dysfunction and cannot ejaculate during sex.
- Has major spinal cord injuries.
- A male partner without sufficient quantities or quality of sperm who do not want to undergo IVF or ICSI.
- Previous failure to fertilise the eggs in IVF / ICSI due to very poor quality sperm.
- Previous history of poor quality embryos due to very poor quality sperm.
- A male partner with a genetic condition that could be passed to the child who does not want to get PGT done.
- A male partner has an ineradicable sexually transmissible/infectious disease that could be passed to the woman who does not want ICSI.
- Women without a male partner.
- Female partner is Rh-negative and severely Rh-isoimmunised and the male partner is Rh-positive.
The decision to proceed with donor sperm insemination is complex and requires a thorough discussion with a fertility specialist and psychological counselling. We are here to help you and clarify your doubts.
Contact us for further information.