Hysteroscopy is a day care minimal invasive procedure performed under anesthesia/sedation. The Hysteroscope is inserted through the vagina and the cervix into the uterine cavity. The Hysteroscope is attached to a camera. This allows the doctor to visualize the inside of the uterus and the lining of your uterus (endometrium) on an external screen to diagnose and treat any conditions that may affect fertility or menses.
Hysteroscopy can be diagnostic or operative.
Diagnostic Hysteroscopy is used to detect problems in the uterine cavity such as polyps, submucosal fibroids, congenital uterine abnormalities (shape abnormalities), unhealthy endometrium or adhesions within the uterine cavity.
Operative hysteroscopy is used to surgically correct some of the abnormalities found in the cavity.
Uterine Polyp Removal – Hysteroscopic Polypectomy
Uterine polyps are growths in the inner lining of the uterus that protrude into the uterine cavity. They are also known as endometrial polyps and can range in size and number. Most uterine polyps are benign and asymptomatic. In certain cases, they may present with abnormal bleeding or infertility. Smaller polyps may get expelled during the next menstrual cycle, however, larger ones may require removal through Hysteroscopic polypectomy.
Submucous Fibroid Removal – Hysteroscopic Myomectomy
Uterine fibroids are growths in the uterus. Depending on the size and location of the fibroid(s), it may cause infertility, increase the risk of miscarriage or complications during your pregnancy. In Hysteroscopic myomectomy, the doctor uses a device to resect and remove the fibroids which are present in the cavity.
Uterine septum correction – Hysteroscopic Septal Resection
A uterine septum is a congenital uterine anomaly where the uterine cavity is partitioned by a longitudinal membrane at the middle. It can be associated with Infertility and increased risks of miscarriages and preterm births.
Women with uterine septum are treated through Hysteroscopy where special instruments are used to correct the abnormality.
Asherman’s syndrome treatment- Hysteroscopic Adhesiolysis
Asherman’s syndrome is the formation of bands/adhesions in the uterine cavity due to previous surgeries or infections.
Symptoms may include lighter menstrual flow, subfertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. Women can be treated through Hysteroscopy where special instruments are used to correct the abnormality.